This article describes a fiber-optic interferometric sensor and measuring scheme including input-output components for traffic density monitoring. The proposed measuring system is based on the interference in optical fibers. The sensor, based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer, is constructed to detect vibration and acoustic responses caused by vehicles moving around the sensor. The presented solution is based on the use of single-mode optical fibers (G.652.D and G.653) with wavelength of 1550 nm and laser source with output power of 1 mW. The benefit of this solution lies in electromagnetic interference immunity and simple implementation because the sensor does not need to be installed destructively into the roadway and railroad tracks. The measuring system was tested in real traffic and is characterized by detection success of 99.27 % in the case of automotive traffic and 100 % in the case of rail traffic.
NEDOMA, JAN; FAJKUS, MARCEL; KAHANKOVA, RADANA; MARTINEK, RADEK; DVORSKY, MAREK; VANUS, JAN; VASINEK, VLADIMIR; and CVEJN, DANIEL
"Fiber-optic interferometric sensor for monitoring automobile and rail traffic,"
Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences: Vol. 26:
6, Article 17.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/vol26/iss6/17