Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences




In recent years, there have been significant advances in communication technology, but speech signals still suffer from low perceived quality caused by bandwidth limitations of telephone networks. The bandwidth extension (BWE) approach adds high-frequency components of the speech signal to band-limited telephone speech and increases speech perception significantly. In this work, we develop a new method for representation of vocal tract filter coefficients using log of filter bank energy (LFBE) parameters as an alternative for mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs). This approach is based on a strong correlation between the spectral components of low- and high-band spectrums. Furthermore, the performances of Gaussian mixture model and multilayer perceptron neural network methods for estimation of the high-frequency envelope are evaluated. Objective evaluations of the obtained results indicate that the LFBE feature vectors have better performance than the MFCCs. In addition, findings of the objective evaluations showed that using a neural network, which is not common in BWE, achieves a better performance as compared to the Gaussian mixture model.

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