Turkish Journal of Botany




Trichomes of 35 species of the genus Convolovulus and one species of the genus Calystegia (C. sepium) were investigated using light and scanning electron microscopy. The trichomes show a great variation, which provides valuable data for sections and species delimitation in Convolvulus. Trichomes of Convolvulus are nonglandular, simple, and basifixed or rarely asymmetrically medifixed. Characters of taxonomic interest were the degree of curviness (straight to spiral), orientation relative to the epidermal surface (appressed to erect), and presence of papillae on trichome surface. The trichomes are divided into two basic types: cylindrical and flattened ribbon-like. Our data provide the additional evidence to include Calystegia in Convolvulus; the former is characterized by glabrous shoots supporting its inclusion in the Convolvulus sect. Convolvulus. Using the evolutionary framework provided by recent molecular phylogenetic investigations, the following trends can be proposed in Convolvulus: long cylindrical trichomes are advanced against the flattened ribbon-like ones, densely papillate trichomes are derived against the nonpapillate or loosely papillate ones, long trichomes are advanced against the short ones, and appressed trichomes are primitive compared with the erect ones. In most investigated species of Convolvulus, a mixture of various kinds of trichomes has been detected, and the level of advancement should be determined by a collective approach.


Convolvulus, epidermis, indumentum, Iran, phylogenetics, taxonomy

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