Turkish Journal of Botany




The present study provides information on the development of the female and male gametophytes and seed ontogeny characteristics for Trichloris, and it discusses their taxonomic significance to the family Poaceae. Trichloris species are characterized by having 2?3 stamens per floret, tetrasporangiate anthers, a monocotyledonous development of the anther wall, a single middle layer of common origin with the tapetum, fibrous thickening in the cell walls of the endothecium, and a secretory tapetum. These characteristics are constant within Poaceae. The possession of bitegmic and tenuinucellate ovules, laterally positioned antipodals prior to their degeneration, a free exocarp, and an epiblast in the mature embryos gives Trichloris the typical characteristics described for other members of the subfamily Chloridoideae. The degradation of tapetal cells before the maturation of the pollen grain and the absence of aborted ovules indicate a high fertility rate, which is an important feature for perennial halophytes such Trichloris that do not possess elaborate seed dormancy systems.


Poaceae, gametophyte, pericarp, utricle, seed development, halophyte

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