Turkish Journal of Botany




Leaf characteristics provide many useful clues for taxonomy. We used a back-propagation artificial neural network (BP-ANN) and C-support vector machines (C-SVMs) to classify 47 species from 3 sections of genus Camellia (16 from sect. Chrysanthae, 16 from sect. Tuberculata, and 15 from sect. Paracamellia). The classification model was constructed based on 7 leaf anatomy attributes including, area of adaxial epidermal cell, thickness of adaxial epidermal cell, thickness of palisade parenchyma, thickness of total leaf, thickness of spongy parenchyma, thickness of abaxial epidermal cell, and area of abaxial epidermal cell. Model parameters of C-SVM, comprising regularization parameter (C) and kernel parameter (\gamma), were optimized by cross-validation. The best classification accuracy of the 3 Camellia sections was achieved by the radial basis function SVM classifier (with parameters C = 32, \gamma = 0.13), as well as the sigmoid SVM classifier (with parameters C = 32, \gamma = 0.13), which was up to 84.00% in the training set and 90.91% in the prediction set, respectively. Compared with BP-ANN, SVM yields slightly higher prediction accuracy, which indicates that it is feasible to accurately classify the 3 sections of Camellia using SVMs based on leaf anatomy data.


BP-ANN, Camellia, leaf anatomy, plant numerical taxonomy, supervised pattern recognition, SVM

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