Turkish Journal of Biology

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Background/aim: Studies highlighted the bidirectional crosstalk between the HER family members in breast cancer as resistance mechanism to anti-HER agents. Cross-signaling between HER2/EGFR and ER/IGF1R could play role in the development of resistance to therapeutics hence stimulating cell growth. To overcome this resistance, combined therapies targeting both pathways simultaneously have been proposed as an effective strategy. The involvement of miRNAs in resistance of targeted therapies like trastuzumab was demonstrated in recent studies. Hence the regulation of miRNAs in resistance state could reverse the cell behaviour to drugs. Previously we found that overexpression of miR-770-5p downregulated AKT and ERK expression through HER2 signaling and potentiated the effect of trastuzumab. In this study we examined the impact of miR-770-5p on trastuzumab resistance. Materials and methods: Cells were treated with tamoxifen or trastuzumab to examine their role in bidirectional crosstalk. The molecule mechanism of miR-770-5p on HER2/EGFR/IGF1R bidirectional crosstalk was explored by western blot. The expression of miR-770-5p in trastuzumab resistant cells was examined by q-PCR. To investigate the effect of miR-770-5p on cancer cell proliferation in trastuzumab resistance state, resistant cells were analyzed by iCELLigence real-time cell analyzer. Results: miR-770-5p expression was significantly downregulated in trastuzumab-resistant BT-474 and SK-BR-3 cells. Overexpression of miR-770-5p sensitized the resistant cells to trastuzumab, as evidenced by reduced cell proliferation and increased cell viability. Additionally, in resistant cells, increased expression and activation of EGFR and IGF1R were observed. However, miR-770-5p overexpression resulted in decreased phosphorylation of AKT and ERK, indicating its suppressive role in EGFR/HER2 signaling. Furthermore, miR-770-5p downregulated the expression of IGF1R and mTOR, suggesting its involvement in regulating the escape signaling mediated by IGF1R in resistance. Conclusion: In conclusion, our findings demonstrate the critical role of miR-770-5p in regulating bidirectional crosstalk and overcoming trastuzumab resistance in breast cancer cells. These results highlight the potential of miR-770-5p as a therapeutic target to improve the efficacy of targeted therapies and address resistance mechanisms in breast cancer.


Bidirectional molecular crosstalk, breast cancer, miR-770-5p, tamoxifen, trastuzumab

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