Turkish Journal of Biology




Recent clinical developments in tissue bioengineering have applications in acute cardiac ischemia and infarction and include the use of stem cells that combine injectable scaffold material. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) that combine the Matrigel scaffold on cardiac morphology/functions. The autologous ADSCs myocardial infarction (MI) model was induced by the permanent ligation method of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). MI-operated rats were randomly divided into PBS group, Matrigel group, PBS plus ADSCs group (PBS+ADSCs), and Matrigel plus ADSCs group (Matrigel+ADSCs). Matrigel was used as an injectable scaffold. Rats with a 1-week-old myocardial infarction were injected with 2 × 106 labeled ADSCs in the border area of the ischemic heart. Heart function was determined by echocardiography. The hemodynamics, cardiac structure, and graft characteristics were evaluated. The ADSCs were successfully isolated and identified, demonstrating a good proliferative status and cell retention in the Matrigel. ADSCs+Matrigel exhibited the most improved heart functions (LVESD, LVEDD, LVFS, LVEF) compared to those of other groups (p < 0.05). ADSCs+Matrigel significantly reduced infarct size compared to other groups (p < 0.05). Cotransplantation of ADSCs and Matrigel showed the best effect on maintaining the thickness of the ventricular wall compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). Engrafted ADSCs played a role in the formation of the neovasculature in myocardial infarction. ADSCs+Matrigel triggered the greatest enhancement in arteriole density than other groups (p < 0.05). Cotransplanting with ADSCs and Matrigel showed significantly higher levels of cardiac troponin T (cTnT), NK2-transcription factor related locus-5 (Nkx2.5), von Willebrand factor (vWF) than the other groups (p < 0.05). In conclusion, this study demonstrated that cotransplanting ADSCs with Matrigel resulted in improved cardiac morphology and cardiac function in the rat model of myocardial infarction.


Matrigel, myocardial infarction, stem cells, transplantation, autologous

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