Turkish Journal of Biology
Knockdown of Death Receptor 5 Antisense Long Noncoding RNA and Cisplatin Treatment Modulate Similar Macromolecular and Metabolic Changes in HeLa Cells
Background/aim: Despite great progress in complex gene regulatory mechanisms in the dynamic tumor microenvironment, the potential contribution of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) to cancer cell metabolism is poorly understood. Death receptor 5 antisense (DR5-AS) is a cisplatin inducible lncRNA whose knockdown modulates cell morphology. However, its effect on cell metabolism is unknown. The aim of this study is to examine metabolic changes modulated by cisplatin and DR5-AS lncRNA in HeLa cells. Materials and methods: We used cisplatin as a universal cancer therapeutic drug to modulate metabolic changes in HeLa cervix cancer cells. We then examined the extent of metabolic changes by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). We also performed transcriptomics analyses by generating new RNA-seq data with total RNAs isolated from cisplatin-treated HeLa cells. Then, we compared cisplatin-mediated transcriptomics and macromolecular changes with those mediated by DR5-AS knockdown. Results: Cisplatin treatment caused changes in the unsaturated fatty acid and lipid-to-protein ratios and the glycogen content. These observations in altered cellular metabolism were supported by transcriptomics analyses. FTIR spectroscopy analyses have revealed that DR5-AS knockdown causes a 20.9% elevation in the lipid/protein ratio and a 76.6% decrease in lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, we detected a 3.42% increase in the chain length of the aliphatic lipids, a higher content of RNA, and a lower amount of glycogen indicating relatively lower metabolic activity in the DR5-AS knockdown HeLa cells. Interestingly, we observed a similar gene expression pattern under cisplatin treatment and DR5-AS knockdown HeLa cells. Conclusion: These results suggest that DR5-AS lncRNA appears to account for a fraction of cisplatin-mediated macromolecular and metabolic changes in HeLa cervix cancer cells.
HeLa cells, DR5-AS, cisplatin, FTIR spectroscopy, cancer, metabolism, transcriptomics
GÜRER, DİLEK CANSU; VATANSEVER, İPEK ERDOĞAN; CEYLAN, ÇAĞATAY; and AKGÜL, BÜNYAMİN
"Knockdown of Death Receptor 5 Antisense Long Noncoding RNA and Cisplatin Treatment Modulate Similar Macromolecular and Metabolic Changes in HeLa Cells,"
Turkish Journal of Biology: Vol. 46:
6, Article 6.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/vol46/iss6/6