E2F6 is a member of the E2F family of transcription factors involved in regulation of a wide variety of genes through both activation and repression. E2F6 has been reported as overexpressed in breast cancers but whether or not this is important for tumor development is unclear. We first checked E2F6 expression in tumor cDNAs and the protein level in a range of breast cancer cell lines. RNA interference-mediated depletion was then used to assess the importance of E2F6 expression in cell lines with regard to cell cycle profile using fluorescence-activated cell sorting and a cell survival assay using (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT). The overexpression of E2F6 was confirmed in breast tumor cDNA samples and breast cancer cell lines. Depletion of E2F6 in the breast cancer cells reduced cell viability in MCF-7, T-47D, and MDA-MB-231 cells. There was little effect in the nontumor breast cell line MCF-10A. The deleterious effect on cancer cells was greater during replication stress, leading to an increase in the proportion of breast cancer cells with sub-G1 DNA content. These results suggest that E2F6 might be essential for the survival of breast cancer cells experiencing replication stress, and therefore it could be a target for combined therapy.
Breast cancer, E2F6, replication stress, oncogene
"E2F6 is essential for cell viability in breast cancer cells during replication stress,"
Turkish Journal of Biology: Vol. 43:
5, Article 2.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/vol43/iss5/2