Turkish Journal of Biology




Our earlier studies found that in vitro estradiol modulates mitochondrial Ca2+ transport in discrete brain regions. The present study examined the role of estradiol receptors (ERs) in estradiol-induced inhibition of Ca^{2+} efflux from synaptosomal mitochondria isolated from rat caudate nuclei and brain stems. Radioactively labeled CaCl_2 (0.6?0.75 µCi ^45CaCl_{2}) was used for Ca^{2+} transport monitoring. The results revealed that in the presence of ER antagonist 7\alpha,17ß-[9[(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentyl)sulfinyl]nonyl]estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,17-diol (ICI 182,780) (1 µmol/L), the inhibitory effect of estradiol on mitochondrial Ca^{2+} efflux was more than 60% decreased, suggesting the involvement of ER in this mode of estradiol neuromodulatory action. When particular contributions of ER\alpha and ERß were tested, it was found that ERß agonist 2,3-bis(4-hydroxy phenyl)-propionitrile (10 nmol/L) inhibited Ca^{2+} efflux more than 20%, while the inhibition with ER\alpha agonist 4,4?,4??-(4-propyl-[1H]-pyrazole-1,3,5-triyl)trisphenol (10 nmol/L) was about 10%, both compared to the control. Both agonists demonstrated attenuation of Ca^{2+} efflux decrease in the presence of mitochondrial Na^{+}/Ca^{2+} exchanger antagonist 7-chloro-5-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,5-dihyhdro-4,1-benzothiazepin-2(3H)-one (10 µmol/L), showing interference with the inhibitory action of that agent. Our results strongly indicate ERs as the mediators of estradiol-induced mitochondrial Ca^{2+} efflux inhibition in rat caudate nucleus and brain stem synaptosomes.

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