Turkish Journal of Biology




The oil content and fatty acid compositions of 5 Bupleurum species (B. intermedium, B. lancifolium, B. croceum, B. rotundifolium, and B. cappadocicum) were determined. Their oil contents ranged from 2.87% to 4.20%. Gas chromatography (GC) was used for the fatty acid composition. Twenty-one fatty acids were identified and quantified by GC. Oleic acid (C18:1) accounted for more than 50% of the total fatty acids in 3 of the Bupleurum species (B. intermedium, B. lancifolium, and B. rotundifolium). The total unsaturated fatty acid contents varied from 67.28% in B. cappadocicum to 87.06% in B. rotundifolium. The total saturated fatty acids represent 12.94% to 32.72% of the total lipid content. The main saturated fatty acids were palmitic (C16:0), stearic (C18:0), and myristic (C14:0). Moreover, cluster analysis was performed to determine the relationship between the species in terms of the fatty acid profiles.


Bupleurum, Apiaceae, fatty acid composition, unsaturated fatty acids, Turkey

First Page


Last Page


Included in

Biology Commons