Soil salinization is a major problem in irrigated agriculture. A field study was conducted in the Sariosiyo district in the Surkhandarya region of southeast Uzbekistan to evaluate soil nitrogenase activity and nitrogen-fixing bacteria populations in saline serozem soils under wheat, maize, and alfalfa, as well as from adjacent fallow land. Composite soil samples were randomly collected from depths of 0-10, 10-20, and 20-30 cm in autumn, winter, spring, and summer, which were then 2-mm sieved and subjected to selected microbial population analysis and enzymatic studies. The results showed that alfalfa contributed both to high nitrogenase activity and to a large nitrogen-fixing bacteria population. The fallow soil had a lower nitrogenase activity and bacterial population. The nitrogenase activity was higher in the soil from a depth of 10-20 cm in spring. Results suggest that cropping, especially suitable crop rotation, is essential to support greater microbial biomass population and nitrogenase activity for improving the biological fertility of saline and nitrogen-poor calcareous arid soils.
EGAMBERDIEVA, DILFUZA and KUCHAROVA, ZULFIYA (2008) "Cropping Effects on Microbial Population and Nitrogenase Activity in Saline Arid Soil," Turkish Journal of Biology: Vol. 32: No. 2, Article 3. Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/biology/vol32/iss2/3