Authors: ISHANA QADIR, AYESHA QAMAR
Abstract: In the present study, scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the ultrastructure of sensilla present on the antennae of male and female Zygogramma bicolorata. The antennae in this insect consist of the scape, pedicel, and nine flagellomeres. Six types of sensilla were identified: sensilla trichodea type 1 and 2 (ST1, ST2), sensilla cavitae (SCa), sensilla chaetica (SCh), and sensilla basiconica type 1 and 2 (SB1, SB2). Sensilla were characterized on the basis of their size and density to find out whether sexual dimorphism exists in this species or not. We observed that the size of the antennomeres was comparatively larger in males than females. Moreover, sensilla chaetica were found on all antennomers and have the qualification of being the longest type, suggesting that they probably have a role in mechanoreception. There was an abundance of sensilla trichodea in both males and females, indicating its function as a chemoreceptor. Sensilla basiconica are believed to sense sex pheromones and hence their abundance was more in males as compared to females.
Keywords: Antenna, antennomeres, olfaction, pheromones, sensilla
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