Synthesis and Characteristics of Nickel Manganite by Lithiation

Authors: S. V. SALVI, M. R. PARAB

Abstract: Spinel nickel manganite has been synthesized using ceramic technique, from (2MnO$_{2}$+NiO) mixture reduced using LiAlH$_{4}$. Powder X-ray diffractometry (XRD) indicates the formation of cubic spinel (a=8.33 A^o), while IR absorption spectral features are rather broad, though similar to those of spinel. The d.c. electrical conductivity of the ceramic is much smaller than that reported for NiMn$_{2}$O$_{4}$. Even though the band gap remains the same, when the sintering temperature is increased from 950^oC to 1100 ^oC, all other changes are insignificant except that the porosity and particle size nearly halve. The characteristics of the system are discussed in terms of `lithiation'.


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