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Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

DOI

10.55730/1300-0144.5493

Abstract

Background/aim: Kisspeptin is a neuropeptide with a primary role on the onset of puberty and has beneficial effects on ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of kisspeptin administration on striatal I/R injury in mice. Material and methods: Forty adult C57/BL6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: Sham, Kisspeptin, I/R, and I/R + Kisspeptin groups. The groups were administered with either physiological saline (Sham and I/R groups) or kisspeptin (Kisspeptin and I/R + Kisspeptin groups) intraperitoneally 40 min before the operation. A microdialysis probe was placed in the right striatum according to stereotaxic coordinates. During the experimental period, artificial cerebrospinal fluid was passed through the micropump. Then, transient cerebral ischemia was established by compressing both common carotid arteries with an aneurysm clip for 15 min and animals were reperfused for 2 h. Throughout the process of microdialysis (before, during and after I/R period), samples were collected to measure dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) at intervals of 20 min continuously. At the end of the reperfusion period, the animals were decapitated, striatum was dissected, half of the animals were used for oxidative stress analyses (reduced glutathione, glutathione S-transferase (GST), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and the other half were used for histopathology analyses. Results: Number of glial cells was significantly increased in kisspeptin-administered groups. DA levels in ischemic animals were decreased by kisspeptin administration (p < 0.0001). NA levels were reduced in animals administered with kisspeptin without I/R injury (p < 0.05). DHPG levels reduced during the reperfusion period in ischemic animals (p < 0.05). Kisspeptin did not exhibit a significant antioxidant activity in the ischemic animals, while GST and SOD levels were reduced in the I/R + kisspeptin group compared to the kisspeptin group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggest that kisspeptin may be regulating the neurotransmitter release and metabolism, as well as inflammatory response in brain upon I/R injury.

First Page

1532

Last Page

1542

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