Background/aim: The members of the inhibitors of apoptosis protein (IAP) family inhibit diverse components of the caspase signaling pathway, notably caspase 3, 7, and 9. ILP-2 (BIRC-8) is the most recently identified member of the IAPs, mainly interacting with caspase 9. This interaction would eventually lead to death resistance in the case of cancerous cells. Therefore, structural modeling of ILP-2 and finding applicable inhibitors of its interaction with caspase 9 are a compelling challenge. Materials and methods: Three main protein modeling approaches along with various model refinement measures were harnessed to achieve a reliable 3D model, using state-of-the-art software. Thereafter, the selected model was employed to perform virtual screening of an FDA approved library. Results: A model built by a combinatorial approach (homology and ab initio approaches) was chosen as the best model. Model refinement processes successfully bolstered the model quality. Virtual screening of the compound library introduced several high affinity inhibitor candidates that interact with functional residues of ILP2. Conclusion: Given the 3D structure of the ILP2 molecule, we found promising inhibitory molecules. In addition to high affinity towards the ILP2 molecule, these molecules interact with residues that play pivotal rules in ILP2-caspase interaction. These molecules would inhibit ILP2-caspase interaction and consequently would lead to reactivated cell apoptosis through the caspases pathway.
BIRC-8, apoptosis, Robetta, modeling
KHALILI, SAEED; MOHAMMADPOUR, HEMN; BAROUGH, MAHIDEH SHOKROLLAHI; and KOKHAEI, PARVIZ
"ILP-2 modeling and virtual screening of an FDA-approved library:a possible anticancer therapy,"
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences: Vol. 46:
4, Article 29.
Available at: https://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/medical/vol46/iss4/29