Authors: NİHAN ŞIK, FATMA CEREN SARIOĞLU, ÖZGÜR ÖZTEKİN, BERRAK SARIOĞLU
Abstract: Background/aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and clinical features in cerebral palsy (CP). Materials and methods: Children aged 3 to 18 years, who were followed with the diagnosis of CP between January 2012 and September 2015, were included. The type of CP was classified using the European Cerebral Palsy Monitoring Group's classification system and then, patients were divided into two groups as spastic or nonspastic groups. The Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) was used to determine the level of mobility. According to the GMFCS, levels 1, 2, and 3 were grouped as mobile, and levels 4 and 5 were grouped as immobile. Cranial MRI findings were reevaluated by a voluntarily radiologist and grouped as periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) (grades 1, 2, and 3), cerebral atrophy, migration anomaly, cerebellar involvement, basal ganglion involvement, and normal MRI findings. Results: Sixty-two patients were enrolled. The rate of mobile patients did not differ between the spastic and nonspastic groups. The incidence of PVL was significantly higher in cases of prematurity and spastic CP (p < 0.05). The rate of mobilization was significantly lower and the rate of epilepsy was significantly higher in patients with PVL. Immobile patients were more common among cases of grade 3 PVL (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The most common cranial MRI pathology was PVL, and the presence of PVL and its grade might help clinically assess the patient's CP type and level of mobilization. While pathology was observed mostly in cranial MRI in cases of CP with similar clinical features, the fact that cranial MRI was completely normal for 14.5% of the cases suggests that there may be some pathologies that we could not identify with today's imaging technology.
Keywords: Cerebral palsy, comorbidity, gross motor function, cranial MRI
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