Popliteal artery aneurysms treatments: early midterm results of the use of endovascular stent grafts


Abstract: Background/aim: Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) are abnormal bulgings, which account for 70% of all peripheral artery aneurysms. They are usually asymptomatic. In this study, we present our long-term results of endovascular stent grafts in the treatment of PAA in the light of literature data. Material and methods: A total of 63 legs of 63 patients with PAA, who were treated with endovascular techniques in our clinic between July 2010 and July 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent color Doppler ultrasound (DUS), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), or computed tomography angiography (CTA) to identify the diameter and length of PAAs, vessel tortuosity, the presence and degree of thrombus, and diameter in the healthy landing zone and to visualize tibioperoneal vascular structures. A Viabahn stent graft was inserted in all patients. Results: 57 patients (90.5%) were males with a mean age of 76.35 ± 7 years. 24 patients (38.1%) were symptomatic, while 11 patients (17.5%) had a concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The mean follow-up period was 46.05 ± 25.01 months. The primary patency rate was 79.3%. A graft thrombosis was observed in 13 patients (20.6%) during a mean follow-up period of 8.31 ± 5.91 months. The number of distal arteries was significantly lower in the patients with thrombosis than those without. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of PAA using stentgrafts is safe in selected cases. However, it is reasonable to avoid endovascular treatment due to an increased risk for thrombosis in patients with a low number of patent distal arteries or impaired distal flow.

Keywords: Peripheral, vascular, stenting, aneurysm

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