Epidemic situation of the complex seasonality of imported influenza A and B virus transmission in Guangxi ports of China


Abstract: Background/aim: Analysis of the characteristics of influenza virus in imported cases in Guangxi province of China. Materials and methods: Throat swabs of imported cases with influenza-like symptoms were detected by real-time PCR from July 2016 to December 2019. Results: 1292 laboratory detections of influenza were reported in 3974 influenza-like cases, of which 71.67% (926) were influenza A. The ratio of test positive was 32.82%. The proportion of detections of influenza B was 28.33% (366). A total of 70.51% of the cases mostly came from Vietnam (911). A total of 86.76% (1121) of the cases were imported from Dongxing Port, Nanning Airport, and Pingxiang Port. There was no statistical difference in all age groups. At the same time, 3 of the untyped A-type specimens were sequenced by nextgeneration sequencing. Among them, the sequences of 2 specimens from Vietnam had high homology with the influenza strain H3N2 in Hong Kong in 2017. The specimen sequence from Thailand is highly homologous to the influenza pandemic strain H1N1 in Brisbane, Australia in 2018. Conclusion: Imported influenza cases in Guangxi have occurred throughout the year, with higher numbers in winter and spring. The cases mostly came from Vietnam with influenza A. Relevant measures should be taken to control the further spread of the virus.

Keywords: Epidemic, flu-imported situation, influenza, virus, travelers

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