Authors: MUSTAFA ÖZKAN, M. KEMAL ERBİL, MÜNZER AL RASHED, EMİN ÖZGÜR AKGÜL, TUNCER ÇAYCI, CUMHUR BİLGİ, GÜRKAN METİNYURT, ŞERİF AKMAN, TÜRKER KUTLUAY
Abstract: Elevated plasma homocysteine concentration either in fasting state or after methionine loading is an independent risk factor for vascular disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fasting total homocysteine (tHcy) and post-methionine load tHcy in healthy control subjects and in patients with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD). Methionine loading has been used to investigate impaired methionine metabolism, especially of the trans-sulphuration pathway. We investigated the effect of methionine excess on total plasma homocysteine in 65 control subjects (44 men and 21 women) who attended a polyclinic of Gülhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA) in Ankara. Forty-one patients (30 male, 11 female) who underwent cardiac catheterisation at GMMA formed the patient group. Plasma total homocysteine concentrations were measured by using high pressure liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. The expected increase in plasma homocysteine was found in both men and women in the control and CAD groups. In three of 21 women and three of 44 men with the methionine-loading test, plasma homocysteine levels were higher than 30 µmol/l. In conclusion, it is thought that methionine loading mainly stresses catabolism through homocysteine trans-sulphuration; therefore, oral methionine loading in CAD patients leads to a higher accumulation of homocysteine in plasma than in healthy subjects, indicating that abnormal tHcy response after methionine loading may be a sensitive test for the diagnosis of CAD and the genetic defects of the Hcy metabolism.
Keywords: Homocysteine, methionine, coronary artery disease
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