Authors: CEM PEŞKERSOY, ŞULE PEKER, AYŞEGÜL KAYA, AYCAN ÜNALP, NECMİ GÖKAY
Abstract: Background/aim: Although migraine is a common disorder, there is a lack of research investigating the possible relationship between migraine and oral health. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, dental caries, periodontal status, and migraine disorder in a multicenter, parallel, case-controlled clinical study. Materials and methods: A total of 2001 participants were divided into two groups: migraineurs (nm = 998) and nonmigraineurs (nh = 1003). International Headache Society's Second Edition of International Classification of Headache Disorders and modified Migraine Disability Assessment surveys were administered to evaluate the level of migraine; a pretreatment questionnaire and the World Health Organization oral health assessment form were used to determine the oral comorbidities and their possible effects on DMFT index, gingival plaque index, existence of temporomandibular disorders, bruxism, and consistency of daily oral hygiene habits. Results: The mean age was 39.6 ± 10.5 years. Female patients seemed to experience migraine attacks more than male patients (64%). The frequency of gastroesophageal reflux was higher in migraineurs in comparison with nonmigraineurs (47%) and tooth wear and abrasion also seemed more frequent (76%). DMFT and plaque index scores showed significant differences for both groups. Conclusion: There is a strong relationship between migraine and oral health status. The existence of reflux in addition to migraine leads to higher dental problems.
Keywords: Migraine, oral health, gastroesophageal reflux disease, dental caries, gingival plaque index
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