Authors: ÖZGÜR SÖĞÜT, TARIK AKDEMİR, MEHMET MUSTAFA CAN
Abstract: Background/aim: This study investigated whether baseline serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin ratio is associated with infarct localization, number of vascular lesions, and in-hospital mortality in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: The study population consisted of 116 patients diagnosed with STEMI. The CRP/albumin ratio at first admission, cardiac troponin-I (cTnI), PCI results, and clinical outcomes were recorded. Results: The mean CRP/albumin ratio, cTnI level, and mean number of vascular lesions were significantly higher in non-survivors than in survivors (p = 0.006, p = 0.004, and p = 0.007, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the CRP/ albumin ratio and number of coronary artery lesions were independent predictors of mortality in STEMI patients. According to these analyses, the presence of ≥ 2 vessel lesions was the most important predictor of mortality, with an odds ratio of 2.009 (95% confidence interval: 1.191-3.387, p = 0.009). Conclusion: This study demonstrates the potential utility of the CRP/albumin ratio for predicting the clinical outcome of patients with STEMI. In addition, the presence of ≥ 2 vascular lesions contributed to a 2-fold increase in mortality rate in STEMI patients.
Keywords: CRP/albumin ratio, infarction localization, prognosis, ST-elevation myocardial infarction, vascular lesion number
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