Authors: JIN DENG, YI LU, LIHONG HE, JIHONG OU, HONGPING XIE
Abstract: Background/aim: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the comparison and its timing between mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) as maintenance immunosuppression for kidney transplant recipients. Materials and methods: The RCTs of MMF versus CNI as maintenance immunosuppression for kidney transplant recipients were searched from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CCRCT), and ClinicalTrials.gov. After screening relevant RCTs, two authors independently assessed the quality of included studies and performed a meta-analysis using RevMan5.3. Relative risk (RR) was used to report dichotomous data, while mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to report continuous outcomes. The analysis was conducted using the random-effect model due to the expected heterogeneity among different studies. Four subgroups were allocated to compare MMF with CNI as maintenance immunosuppression: (1) after 3 months of CNI-based therapy, (2) after 6 months of CNI-based therapy, (3) after 12 months of CNI-based therapy, and (4) in recipients with allograft dysfunction. Results: Twelve RCTs with 950 renal transplant recipients were included. This meta-analysis presented the following results upon comparison between MMF and CNI as maintenance immunosuppression for kidney transplant recipients: (1) MMF significantly improved the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) not only in the comparison performed after 3, 6, or 12 months of CNI-based therapy but also in the comparison of recipients with allograft dysfunction, (2) MMF may increase the risk of acute rejection in the comparison performed after 3 months of CNI-based therapy, but no increase was noted in the comparison performed after 6 or 12 months of CNIbased therapy. Conclusion: Our present meta-analysis suggested that MMF followed at least 6 months of CNI-based therapy is an effective maintenance immunosuppressive regimen for kidney transplant recipients to improve renal function but not increase rejection.
Keywords: Kidney transplantation, mycophenolate mofetil, calcineurin inhibitor, meta-analysis
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