The efficacy of the 3-dimensional vibe-caipirinha-dixon technique in the evaluation of pancreatic steatosis


Abstract: Background/aim: CAIPIRINHA is a new technique in abdominal imaging. Pancreatic steatosis (PS) is a subject of increasing scientific interest. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of the isotropic 3D-VIBE- CAIPIRINHA -DIXON technique on a new generation 3-tesla MR unit in the evaluation of PS.Materials and methods: In this retrospective study, the imaging findings of 49 patients with PS and 41 control subjects were examined. The pancreas-to-spleen ratio (PSR), pancreas-to-muscle ratio (PMR), and pancreatic signal intensity index (PSII) were defined as 3 new parameters and these indexes were calculated from the in-phase/out of phase 3D-VIBE- CAIPIRINHA-DIXON images. Results: The PSR, PMR, and PSII values were significantly different between the patient and control groups (P = 0.001, P = 0.009, P < 0.001, respectively). Statistically significant differences were observed between patient and control groups for ROI measurements of fatty areas on these sequences/images: subtraction (in-out) (P < 0.001), T2W HASTE (P < 0.001), DIXON-fat (P < 0.001), fat-suppressed T1W (P = 0.002), and subtraction (out-in) (P = 0.010). Conclusion: Evaluation of PS with the 3D-VIBE-CAIPIRINHA-DIXON technique can be made rapidly and effectively.

Keywords: Pancreas, magnetic resonance imaging, chemical shift imaging, MRI scans, steatosis

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