Authors: ZAFER YASİN KONYA, SUNA AKIN TAKMAZ, HÜLYA BAŞAR, BÜLENT BALTACI, GÜLÇİN BABAOĞLU
Abstract: Background/aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the medium- to long-term effects of radiofrequency (RF) ablation of genicular nerves for chronic refractory knee pain due to osteoarthritis (OA).Materials and methods: Forty-eight patients who underwent RF ablation of the genicular nerves were evaluated retrospectively. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Western Ontario and McMaster universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC index), opioid and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) use score, quality of life score, and treatment satisfaction score were examined at 1, 3, and 6 months after the procedure.Results: The mean VAS scores were significantly lower at the 1-, 3-, and 6-month evaluations compared with the preoperative values (P < 0.001). A significant decrease was observed in the WOMAC index compared with preoperative values (P < 0.001). It was found that 66.7% of opioid users and 56.3% of NSAID users stopped using medication. No serious complications were encountered during or after the procedure. Conclusion: In chronic refractory knee pain due to OA, the application of RF ablation to the genicular nerve is an effective and safe treatment option in the medium to long term.
Keywords: Knee osteoarthritis, pain, genicular nerves, radiofrequency ablation
Full Text: PDF