Authors: AHMET HAKAN GEDİK, ERKAN ÇAKIR, AYSEL VEHAPOĞLU TÜRKMEN, ÖMER FARUK ÖZER, SARE BETÜL KAYGUSUZ
Abstract: Background/aim: To evaluate total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and paraoxonase 1 (PON1) levels in children with noncystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis (BE), and to compare these levels with those of healthy controls. The study parameters were also evaluated according to some demographic, anthropometric, and clinical characteristics, as well as lung functions. Materials and methods: Enrolled in the study were 118 children with non-CF BE and 68 healthy controls. Serum TOS, TAC, and PON1 levels were determined. Lung function tests were performed by spirometry. Results: Serum TOS was higher in the patients [median 9.54 (IQR 25-75 = 7.05-13.30) µmol H2O2 Eq/L] than in the healthy subjects [6.64 (5.45-9.53) µmol H2O2 Eq/L] (P < 0.001). TAC was higher in patients with non-CF BE [1.07 (1.0-1.07) mmol Trolox Eq/L] than in the healthy controls [0.87 (0.77-0.98) mmol Trolox Eq/L] (P < 0.001). In addition, serum PON1 levels were significantly higher in the patients [106.5 (42.5-154.2) U/L] than in the controls [47.7 (27.5-82.1) U/L] (P < 0.001). The patients with low FEV1 had decreased TAC when compared to those who had normal FEV1 in non-CF BE. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that compared with the control group the children with non-CF BE had elevated oxidative status, antioxidant defenses parameters, and PON1 values.
Keywords: Bronchiectasis, noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, paraoxonase, total oxidant status, total antioxidant capacity, children
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