Authors: SİBEL BAŞÇIL, ÖZLEM TURHAN İYİDİR, NİLÜFER BAYRAKTAR, MELEK EDA ERTÖRER, NESLİHAN BAŞÇIL TÜTÜNCÜ
Abstract: Background/aim : Advanced chronic periodontitis is observed rarely in acromegaly. Periodontal tissue including the alveolar bone is seemed to be spared from the systemic metabolic derangements of bone in this patient population. Chronic elevation of growth hormone, IGF-1, and bone morphogenetic proteins may play a role in periodontal tissue regeneration in acromegalics. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the potential roles of local gingival bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) in periodontal tissue pathology in acromegaly. Materials and methods: Thirty-five patients with acromegaly and 22 healthy subjects were recruited. All the participants were examined by the same periodontologist for the diagnosis of periodontal diseases. BMP-2 and -4 were studied in gingival crevicular fluid. Results: Gingival BMP-2 and BMP-4 levels were similar in acromegaly and control groups in general, with and without chronic periodontitis. For all the participants, gingival BMP-2 levels were statistically lower in those participants with chronic periodontitis then those without periodontitis (29.4 ± 11.2 vs. 41.2 ± 23.2, respectively, p = 0.027). Causal relation between the gingival BMP levels and periodontal tissue health status was tested with one way ANOVA which revealed a significant difference between gingival BMP2 levels in those with different degrees of periodontal tissue pathology (p = 0.025). When analyzed separately, gingival BMP-2 levels revealed a causal relation with the degree of periodontal pathology with borderline significance only in patients with acromegaly (p = 0.057). Conclusion: Acromegaly is a disease with an unexpectedly low frequency of advanced periodontitis, irrespective of the long disease duration and pathognomonic oral manifestations. BMP-2 might have a protective role against chronic advanced periodontitis in these patients.
Keywords: Acromegaly, periodontitis, growth hormone, bone morphogenetic protein-2, bone morphogenetic protein-4
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