Authors: BELDE KASAP DEMİR, FATMA MUTLUBAŞ, EREN SOYALTIN, CANER ALPARSLAN, MERVE ARYA, DEMET EĞLENOĞLU ALAYGUT, SEÇİL ARSLANSOYU ÇAMLAR, AFİG BERDELİ, ÖNDER YAVAŞCAN
Abstract: Background/aim: In children with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), clinical manifestations range from severe neonatal presentation to renal cysts found by chance. We aimed to evaluate demographic, clinical, laboratory findings, and genetic analysis of children with ADPKD. Materials and methods: We evaluated children diagnosed with ADPKD between January 2006 and January 2019. The diagnosis was established by family history, ultrasound findings, and/or genetic analysis. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory findings were evaluated retrospectively. Patients <10 years and ≥10 years at the time of diagnosis were divided into 2 groups and parameters were compared between the groups. Results: There were 41 children (M/F: 18/23) diagnosed with ADPKD. The mean age at diagnosis was 7.2 ± 5.1 (0.6-16.9) years and the follow-up duration was 59.34 ± 40.56 (8-198) months. Five patients (12%) were diagnosed as very early onset ADPKD. All patients had a positive family history. Genetic analysis was performed in 29 patients (PKD1 mutations in 21, PKD2 mutations in 1, no mutation in 3). Cysts were bilateral in 35 (85%) of the patients. Only one patient had hepatic cysts. No valvular defect was defined in 12 patients detected. Only 1 patient had hypertension. None of them had chronic kidney disease. No difference could be demonstrated in sex, laterality of the cysts, maximum cyst diameter, cyst or kidney enlargement, follow-up duration, or GFR at last visit between Groups 1 and 2. Conclusion: The majority of children with ADPKD had preserved renal functions and slight cyst enlargement during their follow-up. However, they may have different renal problems deserving closed follow-up.
Keywords: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, children
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