|TÜBİTAK publishes 12 peer-reviewed scientific journals indexed by various international abstracts. Follow the links below to obtain information about how to submit a manuscript and to access the full-text articles of the current and previous issues.|
Genotypic and spatial information on crop’s leaf chlorophyll concentration can be used for plant nursery screening in the process of crop improvement, and is central for monitoring plant health, productivity and managing nutrient optimization programs in agricultural systems. Quantifying chlorophyll in plants leaves is also vital to understanding plants response to climate change and other biotic and abiotic adversities across diverse plant ecosystems. The chlorophyll are the main key molecules in this area of research as they display intrinsic properties that facilitate the conversion of absorbed solar irradiance into stored chemical energy, and are therefore associated with the plant photosynthetic capacity and primary productivity.
Remote and proximal sensing offer a means for measuring genotypic chlorophyll content and in-field mapping of plant chlorophyll content over a variety of spatial and temporal scales. This Special Issue is going to help garner state-of-the-art research and technologies to retrieve and model the chlorophyll that existed in plants at the leaf and canopy levels across a variety of agricultural settings for several applications, particularly in crop breeding and precision agriculture.
We welcome research works on chlorophyll content retrieval approaches using different tools and parametric and non-parametric algorithms, including machine learning and artificial intelligence to solve current challenges associated with chlorophyll retrieval and mapping using remote and proximal sensing technologies. Both theoretical and application-oriented studies are invited. Information can be derived from several tools including but not limited to handheld and field-bound sensors, uncrewed aerial vehicles (drones), operational satellites such as Sentinel-2 constellations and other hyperspectral missions.
For review and opinion papers, please discuss a tentative outline with the editors of the special issue. Article will be published online following acceptance. The deadline for contributions is December 2020 whereas target date for the printed issue to be published is May 2021.
The genome editing tools such as Zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/CRISPR-associated nuclease 9), and its variants, have been used widely in the last decade to precisely manipulate plant genomes. They provide after induction of a double-strand break the opportunity to delete/insert or exchange single or multiple nucleotides in a targeted, predefined fashion. Alternatively they provide with their RNA/DNA-binding capacity tools to visualize, activate or repress gene function by fusion with respective protein domains. We invite contributions from fellow researchers for a special issue regarding applications of genome editing technologies, their current regulatory status and future prospects in the area of agriculture and forestry. The special issue intends to provide an update on this highly dynamic field. Contributions are invited as research papers, review articles and opinion papers which includes the regulatory status of genome edited crops in different countries.
Over time, genome editing technologies especially CRISPR/Cas have become more popular, mainly due to its ease of cloning, higher mutation rates and more opportunities in minimizing the off-targets. The use of these technologies is imperative in that the climate is changing globally and to meet food security challenges limited by ecological, environmental and agricultural factors. However, in many countries there is still debate over whether particular genome edited (GE) crops with similar modifications as introduced by conventional breeding methods should be given the same status as GMOs. Many scientists do consider CRISPR gene editing tools as the fastest technology for improving crops with precision. Nevertheless, in several countries, all GE crops are considered as GMOs by their legislation.
Although genome editing technologies allow scientists to accelerate crop improvement, however there are still considerable technical barriers including tissue culture dependent plant transformation (delivery method of programmable endonucleases), an efficient guide RNA designing algorithms and validations of newly developed genome-editing tools in plants etc. This special issue will focus on the following topics.
For review and opinion papers, please discuss a tentative outline with the editors of the special issue. Article will be published online following acceptance. The deadline for contributions is December 2020 whereas target date for the printed issue to be published is March 2021.