Authors: CAN ALKAN
Abstract: Genome structural variation, broadly defined as alterations longer than 50 bp, are important sources for genetic variation among humans, including those that cause complex diseases such as autism, developmental delay, and schizophrenia. Although there has been considerable progress in characterizing structural variation since the beginnings of the 1000 Genomes Project, one form of structural variation called segmental duplications (SDs) remained largely understudied in large cohorts. This is mostly because SDs cannot be accurately discovered using the alignment files generated with standard read mapping tools. Instead, they can only be found when multiple map locations are considered. There is still a single algorithm available for SD discovery, which includes various tools and scripts that are not portable and are difficult to use. Additionally, this algorithm relies on a priori information for regions where no structural variations are discovered in large number of genomes. Therefore, there is a need for fully automated, portable, and user-friendly tools to make SD characterization a part of genome analyses. Here we introduce such an algorithm and efficient implementation, called \mrcanavar, that aims to fill this gap in genome analysis toolbox.
Keywords: Genomics, copy number polymorphism, whole genome sequencing, containers
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