Authors: YUSUF ACAR
Abstract: The cyclic prefix (CP) is a prefix technique widely used in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems in order to eliminate the intersymbol interference (ISI) caused by the dispersion of wireless channels. However, CP reduces the number of symbols that can be transmitted in one OFDM symbol. Therefore, CP is one of the bottlenecks of OFDM systems limiting their spectral efficiency (SE). This limitation on the SE of the classical CP-based OFDM system is the main motivation for this work to introduce a novel method. In this paper, the design of a new CP structure, which is based on the generalized prefix (GP), is presented. In the proposed structure, extra bits are assigned to the GP structure to increase the SE of OFDM systems. Simulation results show that the proposed method has the same performance as conventional CP-based OFDM but higher spectral efficiency. Specifically, it is shown that the proposed method has 5.5% more spectral efficiency than the classical OFDM system. A simple algorithm is also proposed to detect the additional information bits conveyed by GP. As a result, the proposed method provides both high spectral efficiency and low computational complexity.
Keywords: Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, cyclic prefix, generalized prefix, index modulation, spectral efficiency, cross-correlation method
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