Analysis of shielding effectiveness by optimizing aperture dimensions of arectangular enclosure with genetic algorithm


Abstract: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) has now become a substantial challenge more than any other time sincethe number of electric vehicles (EV) increased rapidly. The electric driving system in an EV consists of power electroniccomponents supplied by high voltage battery source. They are both source and victim of potential electromagneticinterference (EMI) since fast switching process occurs inside them. Electromagnetic shielding provides a significantprotection against EMI for any electrical and electronic components inside the vehicle. In this paper, analysis of shieldingeffectiveness (SE) by optimizing aperture dimensions of a rectangular enclosure is investigated. Realistic dimensions of theshielding enclosure of an inverter component are employed. An optimization methodology based on genetic algorithm(GA) is carried out and applied to an SE analytical model. It is aimed to keep the total aperture area as large aspossible inside a particular dimension range while improving SE of the enclosure compared with the reference level.Obtained optimization results are presented by indicating optimum aperture length and width which satisfy both EMCand dimension requirements. Finally, it is concluded that through the optimization methodology designed in this study,the SE of the enclosure is raised from a poor level to an average one while providing larger aperture area.

Keywords: Electric vehicle, inverter, shielding effectiveness, genetic algorithm

Full Text: PDF