Crustal Thermal Properties of the Central Pontides (Northern Turkey) Deduced from Spectral Analysis of Magnetic Data


Abstract: The Pontides can be divided tectonically into three main sectors: Eastern, Central, and Western Pontides. Each of these represents an amalgamated tectonic mosaic consisting of remnants of oceanic, continental, and island arc segments. The Eastern and the Western Pontides meet in the Central Pontides, where they are structurally mixed and form a tectonic knot. The Central Pontides of northern Turkey is one of the best exposed segments of the southern margin of Eurasia adjacent to the Tethys Ocean. The study area also extends to parts of the Sakarya and Kırşehir continents. Magnetic spectral analysis, which has been used to estimate the Curie point depths and heat flow values, is employed to identify the thermal regime of the Central Pontides. The magnetic data of the region are separated into five subregions and the power spectra of each region is achieved by using 2D Fourier transform method to attain the average curie depth. The curie depth values changes across the studied region from 14.8 km in the south to 21.8 km in the north. The obtained results imply a high thermal gradient (39.2 °Ckm^{-1}) and corresponding heat flow values (94.1 mWm^{-2}) in the south of the research area. The northern part of the study area displays a low thermal gradient (26.6 °Ckm^{-1}) and low heat flow value (63.9 mWm^{-2}), corresponding to the Central Pontides consisting of accreted oceanic crustal material. The determined values show the heat flow decrease within the accretionary prism toward the island arc-like Pontides.

Keywords: heat flow, Curie point depth, spectral analysis, Central Pontides

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