Authors: ASLIHAN NASIF, FAİK ERDENİZ ÖZEL, DERMAN DONDURUR
Abstract: Multichannel seismic, 3.5-kHz Chirp subbottom profiler and multibeam bathymetric data were collected along the western Black Sea margin, offshore Sakarya River, to investigate the bottom-simulating reflections (BSRs), free gas accumulations, and mud volcanoes. Geometries from the seismic data indicate widespread BSRs along the continental rise between 750 and 1950 m water depths, 70 to 350 ms below the seafloor. Seismic attribute analyses have been applied to the seismic data to reveal the acoustic properties of the gas hydrates. According to the results from such analyses, we conclude that there are acoustically transparent zones beneath most of the BSRs in the area, which are interpreted as free gas accumulations, and the gas hydrate-bearing sediments are acting as seals for the free gas in the underlying sediments. Stability analysis of the gas hydrates from different BSR zones in the area suggests that the gas composition in the gas hydrates may change locally. As we do not have ground truth data from BSR zones, the exact composition of the gas forming the gas hydrates is unknown. However, hydrocarbon productivity of the area, chromatography results of the shallow sediment samples nearby, and stability analysis of the gas hydrates indicate the possible existence of a thermogenic gas component in the gas hydrate composition, resulting in a mixture of gas hydrates.
Keywords: Gas hydrates, bottom-simulating reflections, seismic attributes, gas-charged sediments, mud volcanoes
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