Authors: NURCAN KARACA
Abstract: This article describes the synthesis of modified silica nanoparticles (SiO2-MPTMS) via the condensation reaction carried out between silanol moieties of silica nanoparticles and the trialkoxy silyl groups of (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane (MPTMS). Then, SiO2-MPTMS nanoparticles in certain amounts (0.5 wt %, 1 wt %, 2.5 wt % and 5 wt %) were incorporated into thiol-ene resins consisting of bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate and trimethylolpropane tris(3-mercaptopropionate) to prepare nanocomposite films via the photoinitiated thiol-ene polymerization in presence of 2,2-Dimethoxy-2-phenylacetophenone 99% as a photoinitiator. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering, scanning transmission electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analyzer, and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer were employed to characterize SiO2-MPTMS nanoparticles. It was revealed that the nanosilica surface was successfully grafted by MPTMS with the grafting ratio of 22.9%. Properties of the nanocomposite films such as decomposition temperature, thermal glass transition temperature, tensile strength, hardness, and particle distribution were investigated and the results were compared with each other and neat film. The addition of MPTMS-modified silica particles did not improve the thermal stability of the films. In scanning electron microscopy study, it was seen that 2.5 wt % of these nanoparticles used as additives were about 200 nm in size and dispersed homogeneously in the polymer matrix. The increase in tensile strength of nanocomposite films compared to the neat film was measured as 77.3% maximum.
Keywords: Silica nanoparticles, nanocomposites, photopolymerization, thiol-ene, (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane
Full Text: PDF