Authors: HANDE GÜNEŞ, DENİZ ŞANLI YILDIZ, HÜSEYİN BARKIN ÖZENER, GÖKHAN HİSAR, SELMİ ERİM BOZBAĞ, CAN ERKEY
Abstract: Four commercial monolithic diesel oxidation catalysts (DOCs) with two different platinum group metal (PGM) loadings and Pt:Pd ratios of 1:0, 2:1, 3:1 (w/w) were investigated systematically for CO, C3H6, and NO oxidation, CO-C3H6 co-oxidation, and CO-C3H6-NO oxidation reactions via transient activity measurements in a simulated diesel engine exhaust environment. As PGM loading increased, light-off curves shifted to lower temperatures for individual and co-oxidation reactions of CO and C3H6. CO and C3H6 were observed to inhibit the oxidation of themselves and each other. Addition of Pd to Pt was found to enhance CO and C3H6 oxidation performance of the catalysts while the presence and amount of Pd was found to increase the extent of self-inhibition of NO oxidation. NO inhibited CO and C3H6 oxidation reactions while NO oxidation performance was enhanced in the presence of CO and C3H6 prob-ably due to the occurrence of reduced Pt and Pd sites during CO and C3H6 oxidations. The optimum Pt:Pd ratio for individual and co-oxidations of CO, C3H6, and NO was found to be Pt:Pd = 3:1 (w/w) in the range of experimental conditions investigated in this study.
Keywords: aftertreatment systems, diesel oxidation catalyst, bimetallic catalyst, platinum, palladium, commercial monolith
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