Synthesis and antiinflammatory activity of novel 2,5-disubstituted thiophene derivatives


Abstract: New series of 2,5-disubstituted thiophenes were synthesized. Thiosemicarbazones 1a-b were reacted with various reagents, such as diethyl-2-bromomalonate, ethyl-2-chloroacetoacetate, thioglycolic acid, 4-substituted phenacyl bromides, and acetic anhydride, to afford heterocyclic substituted thiophene derivatives 2a-b, 3a-b, 4a-b, 5a-b, 6a-b, and 7a-b, respectively. Moreover, cyclization of the key intermediate 1b with chloroacetic acid yielded thiazolidine 9, which on reaction with appropriate aromatic aldehydes afforded the corresponding arylidene derivatives 10a-f. Finally, reaction of N^\-arylidene cyanoacetohydrazide 11 with sulfur and phenylisothiocyanate yielded thiazoline derivative 12, which on treatment with triethylorthoformate and acetic anhydride afforded thiazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidinone derivative 13. Some of the newly synthesized compounds showed promising antiinflammatory activity.

Keywords: Thiophenes, thiazoles, thiadiazoles, synthesis, antiinflammatory

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