Authors: SHAHRAM NAMDJOYAN, HOSSEIN KERMANIAN, ALI ABOLHASANI SOORKI, SEDIGHEH MODARRES TABATABAEI, NAZLI ELYASI
Abstract: The interactive effect of exogenous application of salicylic acid (SA) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a donor of nitric oxide, on zinc (Zn) toxicity was assessed in Zn-stressed safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) seedlings. Exposure to 500 μM ZnSO4.7H2O for 10 days caused an increment in the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), H2O2, α-tocopherol, phytochelatins (PCs), and proline. Application of SA or SNP, and especially their combination, resulted in remarkable decrease in MDA, H2O2, and proline content while chlorophyll content and the activity of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, and guaiacol peroxidase exhibited a significant induction in comparison with plants subjected to Zn treatment alone. In Zn-treated plants, addition of SA and SA + SNP caused a progressive increase in α-tocopherol levels in comparison with plants treated with Zn alone. In plants subjected to Zn excess, no significant association was found between PC levels and the supplementation of SA, while application of SNP and SA + SNP caused a significant increase in PC contents. These data imply that SA and SNP, and especially in combination, play a significant role in the amelioration of deleterious effects of Zn toxicity, probably due to stimulation of antioxidative defense mechanisms and PC biosynthesis.
Keywords: Nitric oxide, oxidative stress, phytochelatin, safflower, salicylic acid, zinc
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