Authors: GIRJESH KUMAR, PRASHANT KUMAR RAI
Abstract: Gamma irradiation can induce beneficial as well as deleterious impacts on chromosome behavior in crop plants. The cytogenetic changes occurring due to the storage of inbred seeds after gamma irradiation in the somatic and gametic cells of Zea mays L. were investigated in this study. A wide spectrum of chromosomal anomalies was encountered in somatic and gametic cells of maize that are gamma irradiated, stored (aged), and treated with a combination of both of these treatments. Gamma rays and ageing treatments induced a number of chromosomal anomalies independently, but a combination of the 2 treatments suppressed the frequency of chromosomal anomalies considerably in somatic as well as gametic cells of maize. It is evident from our study that the decrease in mitotic index was inversely proportional to the increase in doses in all the sets of gamma rays and ageing treatments. The conclusion drawn from our study is that individual treatment of gamma rays induced the highest percentage of chromosomal abnormalities, followed by the combination treatment of ageing and gamma rays, and the least number of abnormalities were induced by the individual treatment of ageing. Hence, the combination treatment proved to be better in the mechanism of genetic repairing, which is discussed in the present study.
Keywords: Zea mays, gamma irradiation, storage, mitosis, meiosis, chromosomal anomalies
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