Control of lodging and reduction in plant length in rice (Oryza sativa L.) with the treatment of trinexapac-ethyl and sowing density


Abstract: In this study, the effects of the plant growth regulator trinexapac-ethyl (TE) combined with different sowing densities on field-grown rice (Oryza sativa L.) plant length, lodging, and grain yield were evaluated over 2 growing seasons. Two different rice cultivars (Karadeniz and Osmancik-97), 3 different sowing densities (400, 500, and 600 seeds m^{-2}), and 4 different doses of TE (0, 100, 200, and 300 g ai ha^{-1}) were compared. The experiments were designed in a randomized block design in factorial ordering with 3 replicates. An increase in sowing density led to an increase of lodging, but it did not have a significant impact on plant length and grain yield. There was a significant correlation between lodging and plant length. A sowing density of 500 seeds m^{-2} is the optimum value among all sowing densities, and the highest yield was obtained from Osmancik-97 among all the cultivars. Irrespective of genotype and sowing density, treatments with 100 and 200, but not 300, g TE ai ha^{-1} increased rice yield. All doses of TE reduced lodging and plant length. By regression analyses, the optimal TE dose was predicted to be 170 g ha^{-1}.

Keywords: Lodging, plant length, rice (Oryza sativa L.), sowing density, trinexapac-ethyl, yield

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