The Erosion in the Firat Valley and the Well Growing Plants in Erosion Area

Authors: Yusuf KAYA

Abstract: In this study, the erosion area in Firat Valley has been determined. To determine the well growing plants in erosion area, the representative quadrates have been taken. In these quadrates 115 species belonging to 33 families have been determined. The families containing the most species in the research area were Asteraceae, Lamiaceae and Poaceae, respectively. Of the determined species were 46.9% hemicriptophytes, 18.3% phanerophytes, 15.7% therophytes, 12.2% chamaephytes and 6.9% geophytes. It was observed that the well growing plants in the research area were Quercus robur subps. pedunculiflora, Q. trajana, Q. macranthera subsp. syspirensis, Q petraea subsp. pinnatiloba, Q. brantii, Q. libani, Cotinus coggyria, Rhammus pallasii, Cotoneaster nummularia, Cerasus mahaleb var. mahaleb, Spiraea crenata, Tamarix parviflora, Salix alba, S. capraea, Astragalus microcephalus, A. macrourus, A. erinaceus, A. acmophyllus, Stipa montana, Bromus tomentellus, B. inermis, Festuca ovina, Koeleria cristata. These species may be used for prevent of erosion in the research area.


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