Authors: HAYDAR ŞENGÜL, ONUR ERKAN
Abstract: The structure and structural interdependency of the cotton and textile industries were analyzed using an input-output model in the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) Region. GAP is the most comprehensive integrated regional development project ever carried out in Turkey. Data were obtained from surveys of 72 cotton farms and 103 textile companies. In the GAP Region, gross value added as a percentage of gross output was found to be 85 % for the cotton, 38 % for the ready-made, 35% for the spinning 34 % for the weaving and 25 % for the ginning sectors. As an indicator of labour productivity, value added per work hours were also found by sector, in Turkish Lira to be 145,000 for ginning, 87,000 for weaving, 85,000 for spin-ning, 77,000 for ready-made and 20,000 for cotton in 1993. In the input-output framework, final demand, output multipliers of the sectors were: 1.7480 for the ginning, 1.6780 for the weav-ing, 1.6771 for the ready-made, 1.2728 for the spinning and 1.0171 for the cotton sectors. Employment multipliers were: 0.1912 for cotton, 0.1545 for ready-made, 0.1138 for spinning, 0.1124 for weaving. Income multiplers were: 0.8839 for the ginning, 0.8573 for the cotton, 0.6250 for the ready-made, 0.6014 for the weaving and 0.4840 for the spinning sectors. By the year 2010 which means total completion of GAP, 161,700 new jobs, 112,000 the in-cotton sector and the rest in the tex-tile industry might be created. Total gross value added also might be 2.3 times higher than the base year 1993 in the cotton and textile industries in the region. In the future, substantial new investments which will generate production capacity are needed in the weaving and ready,made sectors of the textile industry, as is presently happening in the GAP Region.
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