Authors: HÜSEYİN KIRCI, MEHMET AKGÜL
Abstract: The possibilities of dissolving grade pulp production from poplar by an ethanol-water process were investigated. The effects of ethanol ratio, cooking temperature and acid catalyst ratio on unbleached, bleached and alkali-purified pulps were studied. It was seen that catalyst ratios exceeding 0.01% caused serious yield and viscosity losses. The results showed that with the catalyst ratio to pulping liquor exceeding 0.01%, pulp yield and viscosity were reduced to an unacceptable level. The best pulping result was obtained at 40% ethanol consistency, 180 ºC pulping temperature and 150 min reaction time without the addition of acid catalyst to the pulping liquor. After bleaching and alkali purification, the pulp obtained had a 30.7% yield, 95.8% a-cellulose content, 677 cm^3/g viscosity, 83% ISO brightness, 1.80% residual pentosans, 0.33% copper number and 0.14% ash content. However, brightness was increased to 88.5% ISO level with the application of a multistage bleaching (CEHDED) sequence instead of chlorite bleaching without serious losses in yield or a-cellulose content at normal viscosity levels. It is concluded that these pulps meet dissolving grade pulp quality requirements.
Keywords: Poplar, organosolv pulping, ethanol-water pulping, dissolving pulp, alpha-cellulose
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