Authors: ALIDAD KARAMI, MEHDI HOMAEE, MOHAMMAD REZA NEYSHABOURI, SADEGH AFZALINIA, SANAZ BASIRAT
Abstract: Rainfall erosivity of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) is influenced by the type, amount, and intensity of storm. In this research, rainfall data from 18 recording rain gauge stations were collected and analyzed. Further, their single storm, daily, monthly, and annual erosion indices were calculated and estimated by different models. Duration of each rainfall was divided into 15 min intervals. Intensity and energy of each interval, maximum rainfall intensity of 30 min, total energy of each rainfall, and erosivity index of every single storm were calculated. Furthermore, Cooley's model for single storm was evaluated and its coefficients were estimated. For daily rainfall erosion index prediction, Richardson's model was assessed and its coefficients were also estimated. A new power model based on monthly rainfall was proposed in order to predict monthly rainfall erosion index. For the estimation of the annual rainfall erosion index, the Arnoldus model was evaluated and its coefficients were estimated. The coefficients for all equations were also determined using multiple regression. According to the calibrated Arnoldus model, an iso-rainfall erosion index map was drawn for the studied area consisting of 150 rain gauge information. The results indicated that models of Cooley, Richardson, Arnoldus, and the newly proposed model for monthly rainfall erosion index provide a reasonable agreement with the rainfall characteristics of the studied area.
Keywords: Rainfall erosivity, RUSLE, single storm
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