Authors: EMİNE ÇIKMAN, AHMET BEYARSLAN, HASAN SUNGUR CİVELEK
Abstract: This study was carried out in order to determine parasitoid species of the family Agromyzidae (Diptera) in Diyarbakır and Mardin provinces during 2002-2004. Infested leaves with leafminer larvae were collected from both cultivated and non-cultivated plants twice a month. The adult parasitoids were obtained by rearing from infested leaves in the laboratory. Five parasitoid species belonging to the Braconidae (Hymenoptera) were found. These species, Bracon kirgisorum Telenga, 1936, Opius basalis Fischer, 1958, O. monilicornis Fischer, 1962, O. quasipulvis Fischer, 1989, O. exiguus Wesmael, 1835. B. kirgisorum, O. basalis and O. quasipulvis, were new records for the Turkish fauna. In this study, B. kirgisorum and O. quasipulvis were recorded for the first time in species of Agromyzidae. Nine parasitoid species belonging to the Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) were found. These species were Chrysocharis liriomyzae Delucchi, 1954, Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838, Diglyphus crassinervis Erdös, 1958, D. isaea (Walker, 1838), D. minoeus (Walker, 1838), Hemiptarsenus zilahisebessi Erdös, 1951, Neochrysocharis formosa (Westwood, 1833), Pediobius metallicus (Nees,1834), and Pnigalio soemius (Walker, 1839). Two parasitoid species belonging to the Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera) were found. These species were Cyrtogaster vulgaris Walker, 1833, and Sphegigaster brevicornis (Walker, 1833). In this study, among the species, D. isaea was the most predominant parasitoid species found (49.80%).
Keywords: Parasitoid, leafminer, new record, Turkey
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