Authors: MUHAMMAD SAJID NADEEM, RUQQYA NAZ, SYED ISRAR SHAH, MIRZA AZHAR BEG, AMJAD RASHID KAYANI, MUHAMMAD MUSHTAQ, TARIQ MAHMOOD
Abstract: Feeding habits of the Asiatic jackal were studied through 98 scats collected between January 2009 and March 2010 from different sites in Potohar, Pakistan. The overall frequency of occurrence of plant items was 54.0%; the animal prey item frequency was 46.2%. Among the plant foods, Ziziphus was eaten year round, whereas wild olive, grasses, and wheat grains were the chief components of the diet during all seasons except summer. Among the animal food items, livestock carcasses were consumed year round; the highest consumption was observed during the summer and autumn seasons and the lowest in winter. Small mammals, particularly rodents, were also eaten year round, but not as intensively as livestock carcasses. Overall biomass consumption of these 2 food sources was 67.7% and 8.4%, respectively. Mammalian biomass was consumed in significantly higher proportions in all seasons and localities.
Keywords: Frequency, biomass, seasonal variation, protected and unprotected areas
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