Authors: ERDOĞAN SAMSAR, ÖMER BEŞALTI, AHMET ÖZAK, ŞÜKRAN YAVUZDEMİR
Abstract: Periodontal disease in cats was investigated with respect to clinical, radiological and microbiological evaluations. Each tooth group was evaluated according to plaque index, gingival index, sulcus bleeding index, calculus index, periodontal disease index, furcation exposure index, feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL) and tooth mobility. The prevalence of the disease was evaluated statistically. Upper and lower premolars were affected by periodontal disease at a higher rate than others. Tooth loss was often observed in incisives, premolars and canines concurrently. Sub and/or supragingival calculus accumulations occurred in lower incisive, upper canine and upper premolar teeth, in increasing order. FORL was observed in 69 teeth of the 54 cats evaluated. In the microbiological evaluation of oral flora, the aerobic bacteria observed were Neisseria sp., Alpha hemolytic streptococcus, S. epidermis, non-hemolytic streptococcus, S. aureus and E. coli, while the anaerobic bacteria observed were Bacteroides sp., Porphyromonase sp., Gram (-) bacillus, and Gram (-) coccus.
Keywords: Periodontal disease, cat, diagnosis, prevalence
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