Some Properties of Purified and Non-purified Rumen Tissue Arginase in Cattle


Abstract: Some biochemical properties of purified and non-purified rumen tissue arginase were compared. Homogenization, heating, treatment with aceton, precipitation with ammonium sulfate, dialysis, several centrifugations, gel filtration on sephadex G-200 processes were utilized in the purification procedure of the enzyme. It was found that pre-incubation temperature (60 °C) of arginase and Km (4mM) to its substrate, L-arginine, did not change before and after purification. While pre-incubation period was 10 min and optimal pH 9.7 before purification, pre-incubation period was found to be 5 min and optimal pH 10 after purification. Purified enzyme achieved its highest activity at 2 mM MnCl_2 concentration, whereas non-purified enzyme gave the highest activity at 1 mM MnCl_2 concentration. Consequently, it was determined that Mn^{++} cations and preincubation were essential for the activation of the enzyme.

Keywords: Cattle Rumen Tissue, Arginase, Purification, Kinetic properties

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