Authors: SEMİH ALTAN, KAAN DÖNMEZ, FERAY ALTAN, FAHRETTİN ALKAN
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the three different prokinetic agents, namely erythromycin, lidocaine, and metoclopramide in lambs with postoperative ileus (POI) using motilin and ghrelin, which are known as motility markers. Twenty lambs were allocated to 4 groups of 5 lambs each. An enterotomy was performed on the ileum of each lamb. Erythromycin (8.8 mg/kg), metoclopramide (0.2 mg/kg), and saline (2 mL) were administered as single dose IM before surgery in the ERT, MET, and CNTR groups, respectively. Lidocaine was administered to the LID group, both as a bolus before (1.3 mg/kg IV) and as a continuous rate infusion during surgery (0.05 mg/kg/h IV). Serum motilin and ghrelin concentrations as motility hormones were measured with ELISA. The serum motilin concentration was significantly higher at 0, 1, 3, 5, 10, 24, and 48 h in the ERT group and at 1 and 10 h in the LID group. The serum ghrelin concentration was significantly higher at 0, 1, and 48 h in the ERT group and at 3, 5, 10, 24, and 48 h in the LID group. As a result, erythromycin and lidocaine was thought to be useful in lambs with POI according to the stimulatory effects on the motility hormones.
Keywords: Ghrelin, motilin, postoperative ileus, lamb
Full Text: PDF