Etiopathology of Enterotoxaemia in Small Ruminants in Elazig and Surrounding Cities I. The Group in Which Cl. perfringens was Isolated from Enterotoxaemia Suspected Cases

Authors: Gülçin ÖZTÜRK

Abstract: In this study, bacteriological examination revealed that in 37.9 % of the 66 cases, primer etiological agent of enterotoxaemia was Cl. perfringens. Peracute and acute death, neurological symptoms and diarrhea were observed in these cases. Macroscobic examinations revealed that in type B and C infections, the primary lesions in the small intestines were necrosis and haemorrhagie. In type D infections the lesions were located in kidneys. All clostridium species induced necrotic lesions in the liver and hydropericardium. In microscobic examinations of Cl. perfringens type A infected animals toxaemic lesions in the liver were observed. In type B and C infections haemorrhagie and necrosis in the intestine were prevalent. Type D infections were characterized with lesions in the liver, encephalomalacia and oedema in the lung.

Keywords: Small ruminants, enterotoxaemia, etiopathology, Cl. perfringens, histopathology.